Safety equipment to carry on board includes life jackets, distress flares or Electronic Visual Distress Signal (EVDS), GPS-equipped Electronic Position Indicating Radio Beacon (EPIRB) and/or Personal Locator Beacon (PLB), marine radio, etc.
The safety equipment required on a boat can depend on a number of factors including the type and size of the boat, the body of water where it’s being used, and the local regulations. However, there are some common items that are generally recommended or required. Here’s a list of some key safety equipment:
- Life Jackets or Personal Flotation Devices (PFDs): Enough for every person on board, and they must fit appropriately. Some jurisdictions also require children to wear them at all times.
- Throwables (Type IV PFDs): Devices such as life rings or buoyant cushions that can be thrown to a person in the water.
- Visual Distress Signals: These are required for all boats on coastal waters, the Great Lakes, territorial seas, and those waters connected directly to them, up to a point where a body of water is less than two miles wide. They can be pyrotechnic (flares) or non-pyrotechnic (flags, electric distress lights).
- Sound Producing Devices: A horn, whistle, or bell depending on the size of the boat.
- Fire Extinguishers: The number and type depend on the size of the boat and whether it has an enclosed fuel or engine compartment.
- Navigation Lights: Required if the boat is used between sunset and sunrise or in periods of restricted visibility.
- Marine VHF Radio: For communication, especially in case of an emergency.
- First Aid Kit: To treat minor injuries or stabilize a patient until further medical help can be received.
- Bilge Pump or Bailer: For removing water from the boat.
- Anchor and Line: Appropriate for the size of the boat and the conditions where the boat will be used.
- Paddle or Oars: In case of engine failure.
Remember, these are just general guidelines, and the specific safety equipment required on your boat may vary based on local laws and regulations. Always check with local maritime or boating authorities to ensure you have the necessary safety equipment.
Also, it’s not enough to simply have this equipment on board. You should know how to use all safety equipment properly, and it should be regularly inspected and maintained to ensure it’s in good working order.