What does PPE Mean in Medical Terms

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What does PPE Mean in Medical Terms

what does ppe mean in medical terms

The term ‘PPE’ refers to Personal Protective Equipment. It is a safety precautionary measure that is implemented in the workplace and often at home to ensure that workers avoid incurring injuries or infections from diseases. The category of PPE for medical facilities normally refers to protective clothing and accessories worn on the head, hands, and feet to protect against infection, and are also referred to as personal protective equipment (PPE) in medical terms. In the following article, we will introduce what medical PPE stands for, the types of medical PPE, its function, etc.

Table of Contents

What are the PPE in hospital?

PPE stands for personal protective equipment. In hospitals, it is used to protect healthcare workers from infections. PPE refers to the protective clothing, masks and gloves that are worn by healthcare professionals.

In healthcare environments, PPE is used to prevent transmission of infectious disease between patients and healthcare workers. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend that all health care workers wear gloves when providing direct patient care and handling potentially contaminated materials or instruments. Gloves are also recommended when touching blood or body fluids that may contain blood.

Infection control measures are taken to reduce the spread of infection from one patient to another. These include hand hygiene, sterilization of equipment, isolation of infected patients, disinfection of rooms and surfaces and the use of personal protective equipment (PPE).

What does ppe stand for in medical terms?

PPE stands for personal protective equipment. It is a type of gear that is worn to protect the body from exposure to hazardous materials, such as chemicals or infectious diseases. PPE can include items such as gloves, gowns, masks, and eye protection. 

In medicine, PPE is used to refer to protective clothing that is worn during treatment of patients. The clothing includes gowns, masks and gloves. A gown is a loose-fitting garment that covers the body from the neck to below the knees. It is used to prevent the spread of infectious diseases by containing spills or splashes of blood or body fluids on clothing. Masks are worn over the mouth and nose to prevent inhalation of infectious particles from contaminated fluids, such as saliva and mucus. Gloves are worn over the hands to protect them from physical contact with potentially infectious materials and also prevent contamination when touching surfaces such as keyboards or other equipment.

The main purpose of wearing PPE in medical settings is to protect healthcare workers from infections transmitted through blood and bodily fluids (e.g., HIV, hepatitis B). However, research has shown that it does not always provide sufficient protection against these infections because some pathogens can be transmitted through airborne droplets or aerosols generated when healthcare workers perform procedures such as suctioning.

Types of PPE used in medical healthcare settings

Personal protective equipment (PPE) is defined as any garment or item designed to protect the wearer’s body from injury or infection. This can include a wide range of items such as gloves, face shields, goggles and even full-body suits. In the medical field, PPE is used to protect healthcare workers from potentially infectious materials.

PPE can be used in many settings, including industrial workplaces and healthcare settings. In fact, some of the most common types of PPE used in medical healthcare settings include:

  • Gloves – Gloves are worn to protect hands from being cut or punctured by sharp objects and bodily fluids such as blood. Gloves are worn by doctors, nurses and other healthcare professionals when coming into contact with patient blood or bodily fluids. The CDC recommends wearing either nitrile gloves or latex gloves when treating patients with HIV/AIDS or hepatitis B infection. Gloves should also be worn when handling contaminated objects such as needles and sharp instruments that may have been used on an infected patient. These are available in latex and non-latex varieties for those with latex allergies.
  • Face visors – Face visors protect the eyes and nose from splashes when working around blood or other potentially infectious material. These are also known as goggles or face shields depending on the design of their lenses. Face visors must be properly fitted to ensure they don’t fall off while wearing them.
  • Respirators – Respirators are used to prevent exposure to airborne pathogens such as tuberculosis (TB) or hepatitis B virus (HBV). These may be worn in both healthcare settings and industrial environments where exposure to these diseases is possible through airborne particles such as dust or water droplets.
  • Eye protection – Used by healthcare professionals to prevent eye injury due to splashes or sprays during procedures or while handling sharp instruments.
  • Mask – Worn over mouth and nose during certain procedures to protect against breathing in biological agents, such as bloodborne pathogens (HIV).
  • Gowns – Worn over clothing when working on patients who have infections; these gowns may be disposable or reusable depending on the environment in which they’re used.
ppe type

Why wear ppe in hospital?

PPE stands for personal protective equipment. It is a set of clothing and accessory that you can wear to protect yourself from hazardous materials, diseases, or other dangers in the workplace.

In the hospital setting, PPE is commonly worn by people who are working with patients who are infected with certain diseases such as chickenpox or influenza. This is because these diseases can be easily spread from person to person.

Wearing PPE also helps prevent you from coming into contact with body fluids like blood, saliva, and mucus that may contain pathogens that cause certain infections. These pathogens include bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites.

The benefits of wearing personal protective equipment (PPE) in the hospital are many. It is important to understand that PPE is not a barrier to infection, but rather a barrier to transmission.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website lists the following benefits of PPE:

  • Reduces the risk of infection.
  • Bloodborne pathogens such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and HIV are protected.
  • Prevents exposure to chemicals and other hazardous substances.

Guidelines for the use of medical PPE

Medical personal protective equipment (PPE) is a type of equipment worn by health care workers and is intended to protect them from blood-borne pathogens, such as HIV or hepatitis B virus (HBV). The most common type of medical PPE is the surgical mask. Other types include gloves, face masks, eye protection and gowns.

Medical PPE should be used when there is a significant risk of exposure to blood, body fluids or tissue. This may be because the patient has an infectious disease like HIV/AIDS or hepatitis B or it may be because there is a risk of splashing or spattering of blood during an invasive procedure such as surgery.

It is important that all health care workers understand how to use PPE correctly so they do not put themselves at risk when they are caring for patients.

It is best practice to wear medical PPE at all times when caring for patients who have known infectious diseases like HIV/AIDS or hepatitis B. This includes before, during and after contact with them whether you are going to touch their skin or even their clothes. This also includes after touching any item which may have come into contact with them such as blood samples, needles etc.

What is the role of medical PPE?

Medical personal protective equipment (PPE) is designed to protect healthcare workers from potential hazards that may be found in the hospital setting.

The role of PPE is to prevent or reduce exposure to bloodborne pathogens, sharps injuries and other hazards. In addition, it can help reduce the risk of injury caused by falls, cuts and burns.

Medical PPE is often made from high-quality materials that are durable, comfortable and easy to clean. These items should be safe for use in a hospital setting, as well as easy to take on and off.

Gowns, face shields, shoe covers and gloves are the most common items used by healthcare workers to protect themselves against infection and injury during medical procedures or patient care activities. If a gown is not available, disposable paper gowns should be worn over street clothes when entering a room where patients with acute infectious diseases are being treated or cared for. If a face shield is not available but a respirator is available, then use of this will give similar protection against droplets from splashes from mouth secretions from patients with respiratory infections such as influenza or measles.

medical ppe

Training on correct use of medical PPE

The use of personal protection equipment (PPE) is essential in the healthcare industry. It is used to prevent transmission of infectious diseases among patients, healthcare workers and visitors. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has recommended that all healthcare facilities should provide trainings on correct use of medical PPE.

It is important to note that it is not enough to just train healthcare workers on how to use PPE; they must also be trained on how to evaluate their own risk and assess the risk of others.

The following are some of the key points you should cover when training your staff:

  • The purpose of PPE and its benefits
  • How to properly put on, take off, and wear PPE
  • The risks associated with not using PPE correctly
  • How to conduct a hazard assessment and assess risks when selecting PPE
  • What types of PPE are available, what they protect against, where they are used, and who uses them

The importance of training in the correct use of medical PPE is often overlooked. However, it is essential to ensure that staff are aware of all aspects of their job and understand how to perform it safely and effectively.

There are many reasons why training on correct use of medical PPE is important:

  • It reduces the risk of exposure to infectious agents among healthcare workers, visitors and patients.
  • It improves compliance with standard precautions and other infection control measures such as hand hygiene, disinfection and sterilization.
  • It reduces the risk of needlestick injuries which may expose a health care worker to bloodborne pathogens like hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) etc.

Recommended order for wearing medical PPE

The American National Standard Institute (ANSI) has issued a standard regarding medical personal protective equipment (PPE). This standard is used by many of the major manufacturers of safety equipment to determine the correct order for wearing PPE.

The recommended order for wearing medical PPE is:

Gowns or coveralls, followed by double gloves, followed by shoe covers or booties and lastly respirators. The gowns/coveralls and double gloves will protect you from most infectious agents. The shoe covers/booties will protect you from contact with body fluids on the floor. The respirator will protect you from airborne microorganisms in the air (such as tuberculosis).


In summary, PPE is absolutely essential when working in certain industries and settings. It’s important that employees wear the appropriate protective equipment at all times, and only remove it when they have to perform a job. Failure to follow these rules can be extremely dangerous to the health of workers and cost them their lives.

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Arlen Wang

Arlen wang is the author of Anbu safety, he is the manager and co-founder of the Anbu Safety network. He has been in anbu safety company since 2008, with a working knowledge of personal protective equipment, and several unique skills related to the PPE industry.

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